How Nigeria is wasting its rich water resources

Nelson Odume, Rhodes University and Andrew Slaughter, Rhodes University Nigeria is so rich in water resources that many of its 36 states are named after rivers. In addition to surface water found in nearly every part of the country, there’s also plenty stored in the ground. The country has 215 cubic kilometres a year of …

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Sierra Leone mudslide was a preventable man-made tragedy

Joseph Macarthy, Njala University Sierra Leone is still reeling from the effects of a mudslide that killed nearly 1 000 people, left hundreds missing and rendered thousands homeless. After about five hours of heavy rainfall, the mudslide came down Mount Sugar-Loaf and almost wiped out Mortome. This is a relatively new settlement which emerged as …

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Lake Tanganyika’s fate lies in the balance

Andrew Cohen, University of Arizona Standing on the steep rocky shores of Lake Tanganyika at sunset, looking out at fishermen heading out for their nightly lamp-boat fishing trips, it’s easy to imagine this immense 32,900km2 body of water as serene and unchanging. Located in the western branch of the great African Rift Valley it’s divided …

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Ethiopia’s Danakil Depression teaches about life on Mars

Barbara Cavalazzi, University of Bologna The Danakil Depression, including the Dallol volcanic area is one of the most remote, inhospitable and poorly studied areas in the world. They are both found in the Afar Region of Ethiopia and are part of the East African Rift System – an active tectonic plate boundary that’s splitting apart …

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Coral reefs off Tanzania’s coast are being destroyed

Leonard Jones Chauka, University of Dar es Salaam If current trends continue and countries fail to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, nearly all of the world’s coral reefs will suffer severe bleaching on an annual basis, according to a new United Nations environment agency study. Bleaching has a hugely negative effect on the health of a …

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