Burundi & Rwanda: rivalry at the heart of Great Lakes crises

André Guichaoua, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne The end of two particularly bloody and dramatic civil wars saw a reversal of the political and ethnic dominance in Rwanda in 1994 and Burundi in 2004. This dominance had come into being at independence. In Rwanda, the 1959 revolution overthrew the Tutsi monarchy and brought Hutu elites to …

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